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Science, Medicine, and Technology

The Baby Tooth Survey in St. Louis

The Baby Tooth Survey was formed in 1958 by the Committee of Nuclear Information, a grassroots organization that included prominent scientists and citizens in St. Louis. Under the direction of Louise Zibold Reiss, a physician, the Tooth Survey collected hundreds of thousands of baby teeth from children born in the 1950s and 1960s in the St. Louis metropolitan area, using them to measure exposure to radiation from above-ground nuclear weapons tests conducted during the early years of the Cold War. St.

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