French artist Louis-Leopold Boilly’s rendering of members of an Osage traveling party in Europe, including Big Soldier (at right). [Smithsonian Institution, National Portrait Gallery, object # S/NPG.2011.5]

Big Soldier, a Little Osage war leader, was probably born in 1773 in a village near the…

Daniel Bissell. [Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, Photographs and Prints Collection, Portraits, N38584]

The builder and commandant of Fort Bellefontaine, General Daniel Bissell served with…

Henri Peyroux de Ia Coudrenière was born in France around 1743, the son of Marguerite-…

John Hardeman, best remembered for the botanical showplace he created on the banks of the…

Francis White Cloud. Portrait by George Catlin, circa 1844–1845. [Courtesy of the National Gallery of Art]

The Ioways did not live in what is now Missouri for much of the historical era.…

Mo-Hon-Go (Sacred Sun), an Osage woman, and her child. [State Historical Society of Missouri, Image Collection, 021180]

The most powerful tribal group in the early history of Missouri was referred to as the Wah-…

Manuel Pérez. [Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, Objects Collection, X04268]

Manuel Pérez, Spanish lieutenant governor in St. Louis from 1787 to 1792, was born in…

Pedro Joseph Piernas, the first Spanish lieutenant governor in St. Louis, occupied that…