Lloyd Gaines. [University of Missouri School of Law, Lloyd Gaines Collection]

Lloyd Gaines’s efforts to obtain a legal education in Missouri resulted in a Supreme Court…

Gert Goebel. [Courtesy of Edith Moore]

Gert Goebel came to Missouri in 1834 as an eighteen-year-old German immigrant, settling in…

Francis White Cloud. Portrait by George Catlin, circa 1844–1845. [Courtesy of the National Gallery of Art]

The Ioways did not live in what is now Missouri for much of the historical era.…

Annie Malone photo

Annie Minerva Turnbo Pope Malone was born in Metropolis, Illinois, on August 9, 1869, to Robert and Isabella Cook…

Friedrich Muench. [State Historical Society of Missouri, Warren County Photograph Collection (P1141), 014066]

Friedrich Muench was born on June 25, 1799, the son of a Lutheran pastor in Niedergemuenden…

Mo-Hon-Go (Sacred Sun), an Osage woman, and her child. [State Historical Society of Missouri, Image Collection, 021180]

The most powerful tribal group in the early history of Missouri was referred to as the Wah-…

Homer G. Phillips. Painting by Vernon Smith. [Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, Objects Collection, 2016-058-0001]

Homer G. Phillips was born in Sedalia, Missouri, on April 1, 1880. He was raised by an aunt…

Missouri Encyclopedia logo

An unheralded Afro-Indian slave woman’s dreams of freedom propelled one of the most…

James Milton Turner, circa 1870. [Lincoln University]

Although numerous secondary accounts of James Milton Turner’s life list his birth date as…