Jeffrey Deroine (second from right) with Ioways. [State Historical Society of Missouri, Robert Wright Photograph Collection, P0011]

Jeffrey Deroine (pronounced Der-oh-NAY…

Herman Dreer. [State Historical Society of Missouri, UMSL Black History Project Photograph Collection, S0336-167]

Herman Dreer, a respected Black St. Louis educator and scholar, was born on September 12,…

Lloyd Gaines. [University of Missouri School of Law, Lloyd Gaines Collection]

Lloyd Gaines’s efforts to obtain a legal education in Missouri resulted in a Supreme Court…

Gert Goebel. [Courtesy of Edith Moore]

Gert Goebel came to Missouri in 1834 as an eighteen-year-old German immigrant, settling in…

George Husmann. [State Historical Society of Missouri, Men in Agriculture Portraits Collection, P1201-011356]

George Husmann was born on November 4, 1827, in Meyenburg, Prussia, the son of J. H. Martin…

Francis White Cloud. Portrait by George Catlin, circa 1844–1845. [Courtesy of the National Gallery of Art]

The Ioways did not live in what is now Missouri for much of the historical era.…

Annie Malone photo

Annie Minerva Turnbo Pope Malone was born in Metropolis, Illinois, on August 9, 1869, to Robert and Isabella Cook…

John Berry Meachum. [State Historical Society of Missouri, UMSL Black History Project Photograph Collection (S0336), photo no. 336.638]

John Berry Meachum, best known for his important roles as a spiritual leader, educator, and…

Friedrich Muench. [State Historical Society of Missouri, Warren County Photograph Collection (P1141), 014066]

Friedrich Muench was born on June 25, 1799, the son of a Lutheran pastor in Niedergemuenden…

Mo-Hon-Go (Sacred Sun), an Osage woman, and her child. [State Historical Society of Missouri, Image Collection, 021180]

The most powerful tribal group in the early history of Missouri was referred to as the Wah-…