Mary Ellen Rowe is a retired professor of history at the University of Central Missouri.

Articles Authored

French artist Louis-Leopold Boilly’s rendering of members of an Osage traveling party in Europe, including Big Soldier (at right). [Smithsonian Institution, National Portrait Gallery, object # S/NPG.2011.5]

Big Soldier, a Little Osage war leader, was probably born in 1773 in a village near the…

Samuel Hawken. [Missouri Historical Society, Prints and Photographs Division, N38641]

Christian Hawken, a respected gunsmith of Hagerstown, Maryland, taught his six sons and…