French artist Louis-Leopold Boilly’s rendering of members of an Osage traveling party in Europe, including Big Soldier (at right). [Smithsonian Institution, National Portrait Gallery, object # S/NPG.2011.5]

Big Soldier, a Little Osage war leader, was probably born in 1773 in a village near the…

Frederic L. Billon. [Billon, Annals of St. Louis in Its Territorial Days from 1804 to 1821 (St. Louis: Nixon-Jones Printing Co., 1888), frontispiece]

Frederic L. Billon’s amateur antiquarian pursuits in the mid-nineteenth century resulted in…

 Morris Birkbeck. [Morris Birkbeck and George Flower, History of the English Settlement in Edwards County, Illinois (Chicago: Fergus Printing Co., 1882)]

An early pioneer-farming expert and author, Morris Birkbeck exerted an enormous influence…

Daniel Bissell. [Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, Photographs and Prints Collection, Portraits, N38584]

The builder and commandant of Fort Bellefontaine, General Daniel Bissell served with…

Henri Peyroux de Ia Coudrenière was born in France around 1743, the son of Marguerite-…

1.	This lithograph depicts Sister Rose Philippine Duchesne late in life. No known photographs of Sister Duchesne are known to exist.

Rose Philippine Duchesne, a French pioneer missionary on the American frontier, was born on…

Aerial of Fort Osage

Established in 1808 under the superintendence of William Clark, Fort Osage served as a US military outpost and a…

Gert Goebel. [Courtesy of Edith Moore]

Gert Goebel came to Missouri in 1834 as an eighteen-year-old German immigrant, settling in…

John Hardeman, best remembered for the botanical showplace he created on the banks of the…

Samuel Hawken. [Missouri Historical Society, Prints and Photographs Division, N38641]

Christian Hawken, a respected gunsmith of Hagerstown, Maryland, taught his six sons and…