Nathaniel N. Kinney. [State Historical Society of Missouri, Rolla Research Center, William L. Vandeventer Papers (R1428)]

Nathaniel “Nat” N. Kinney has a popular image as a romantic, violent, swashbuckling…

An artist’s depiction of Fort San Carlos. Constructed under orders from Fernando de Leyba, it played a crucial role in stopping the British attack on St. Louis in 1780. [Walter B. Stevens, ed., History of St. Louis the Fourth City, 1764–1909, vol. 1 (1909)]

Controversy swirled around Upper Louisiana’s third lieutenant governor in life and in death…

Nathaniel Lyon. Engraving by John A. O’Neill. [State Historical Society of Missouri, Art Collection, 15613]

Nathaniel Lyon, a US Army officer from 1841 to 1861, was born in rural Ashford (later…

John Sappington Marmaduke in his Confederate brigadier general’s uniform. [Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-cwpb-06001]

Born on March 14, 1833, near Arrow Rock, Missouri, John Sappington Marmaduke is the only…

George Caleb Bingham’s depiction of the violence and tragedy of the Missouri-Kansas border war in his iconic painting Order No. 11. [State Historical Society of Missouri Art Collection, 1945.0003]

Civil war raged along the Kansas-Missouri border for nearly a…

This map shows the layout of the small village of Newtonia as it existed during the Civil War. [Courtesy of Larry Wood]

During the early months of the Civil War, the Missouri State Guard and…

A Union encampment in the Arcadia valley early in the war. Pilot Knob Mountain is at right. [Harper’s Weekly, September 21, 1861]

In September of 1864, Confederate army troops led by Major General Sterling Price entered…

Sterling Price. [Smithsonian Institution, National Portrait Gallery, NPG.2001.40]

Born in Prince Edward County, Virginia, on September 11, 1809, Sterling Price was the son…

John McAllister Schofield. [Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-ppmsca-53021]

John McAllister Schofield was born in Gerry, Chautauqua County, New York, on September 2,…

Franz Sigel. [Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-cwpb-05090]

Franz Sigel, a soldier, editor, and public official, was born in Sinsheim, Baden, on…